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How to use parameters

This guide shows you how to add parameters to your dashboard. One main way to interact with the charts/components on your page is by changing the parameters of the underlying function that creates the chart/component.

The Page model accepts the controls argument, where you can enter a Parameter model. If e.g. the charting function has a title argument, you could configure a parameter that allows the user to select the chart title via e.g. a dropdown.

Basic Parameters

To add a parameter to your page, do the following:

  • add the Parameter model into the controls argument of the Page model.
  • add the targets argument
  • add a selector model to the selector argument.

In the targets argument, you can specify the component and function argument that the parameter should be applied to in the form of <target_component_id>.<target_argument> (eg. scatter_chart.title).

Unlike for the Filter model, you also have to configure the selector argument, by providing it with an appropriate model and the desired options/numeric ranges.

Basic Parameter

from vizro import Vizro
import vizro.plotly.express as px
import vizro.models as vm

iris = px.data.iris()

page = vm.Page(
    title="My first page",
    components=[
        vm.Graph(
            id="scatter_chart",
            figure=px.scatter(iris, title="My scatter chart", x="sepal_length", y="petal_width", color="species"),
        ),
    ],
    controls=[
        vm.Parameter(
            targets=["scatter_chart.title"],
            selector=vm.Dropdown(
                options=["My scatter chart", "A better title!", "Another title..."],
                multi=False,
            ),
        ),
    ],
)

dashboard = vm.Dashboard(pages=[page])

Vizro().build(dashboard).run()
# Still requires a .py to register data connector in Data Manager and parse yaml configuration
# See yaml_version example
pages:
  - components:
      - figure:
          _target_: scatter
          data_frame: iris
          x: sepal_length
          y: petal_width
          color: species
        id: scatter_chart
        type: graph
    controls:
      - selector:
          options: ["My scatter chart", "A better title!", "Another title..."]
          multi: False
          type: dropdown
        targets:
          - scatter_chart.title
        type: parameter
    title: My first page

Parameter

Tip

If you would like to pass None as a parameter, e.g. in order to make a parameter optional, you can specify the string "NONE" in the options or value field.

Nested Parameters

If you want to modify nested parameters, you can specify the targets argument with a dot separated string like <target_component_id>.<target_argument>.<first_hierarchy>.

Nested Parameters for multiple targets

from vizro import Vizro
import vizro.plotly.express as px
import vizro.models as vm

iris = px.data.iris()

page = vm.Page(
    title="My first page",
    components=[
        vm.Graph(
            id="scatter_chart",
            figure=px.scatter(
                iris,
                x="sepal_width",
                y="sepal_length",
                color="species",
                size="petal_length",
                color_discrete_map={"setosa": "#00b4ff", "versicolor": "#ff9222"},
            ),
        ),
        vm.Graph(
            id="bar_chart",
            figure=px.bar(
                iris,
                x="sepal_width",
                y="sepal_length",
                color="species",
                color_discrete_map={"setosa": "#00b4ff", "versicolor": "#ff9222"},
            ),
        ),
    ],
    controls=[
        vm.Parameter(
            targets=["scatter_chart.color_discrete_map.virginica", "bar_chart.color_discrete_map.virginica"],
            selector=vm.Dropdown(
                options=["#ff5267", "#3949ab"],
                multi=False,
                value="#3949ab",
            ),
        ),
    ],
)

dashboard = vm.Dashboard(pages=[page])

Vizro().build(dashboard).run()
# Still requires a .py to register data connector in Data Manager and parse yaml configuration
# See yaml_version example
pages:
  - components:
      - figure:
          _target_: scatter
          data_frame: iris
          x: sepal_width
          y: sepal_length
          size: petal_length
          color: species
          color_discrete_map: {"setosa": "#00b4ff", "versicolor": "#ff9222"}
        id: scatter_chart
        type: graph
      - figure:
          _target_: bar
          data_frame: iris
          x: sepal_width
          y: sepal_length
          color: species
          color_discrete_map: {"setosa": "#00b4ff", "versicolor": "#ff9222"}
        id: bar_chart
        type: graph
    controls:
      - selector:
          options: ["#ff5267", "#3949ab"]
          value: #3949ab
          multi: False
          type: dropdown
        targets: ["scatter_chart.color_discrete_map.virginica", "bar_chart.color_discrete_map.virginica"]
        type: parameter
    title: My first page

Nested

In the above example, the object passed to the function argument color_discrete_map is a dictionary which maps the different flower species to fixed colors (eg. {"virginica":"blue"}). In this case, only the value blue should be changed instead of the entire dictionary. This can be achieved by specifying a target as scatter.color_discrete_map.virginica.

Note that in the above example, one parameter affects multiple targets.